cawiki Aeterni regis; dewiki Aeterni regis; enwiki Aeterni regis; eswiki Aeterni regis; euwiki Aeterni regis; frwiki Aeterni regis; lbwiki Aeterni regis; slwiki Aeterni . Ultimus Triritus Probatum Romanus is three sets of official and sacred writs issued throughout the year. , signifying the collapse and termination of the. The second Crown was created in with the papal bull Aeterni Regis, meaning “Eternal Crown”, by Sixtus IV, being only the 2nd of three papal bulls as .

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John II died on 20 JulyHenry was proclaimed king the following day. For the remainder of his pontificate, Sixtus turned to temporal issues, Sixtus IV sought to strengthen his position by surrounding himself with relatives and friends.

Underlying this were decades-long disagreements regsi hegemony of the Atlantic.

What does Aeterni regis mean?

Chief among these tribes were the Calaicians or Gallaeci of Northern Portugal, the Lusitanians of central Portugal, the Celtici of Alentejo, a few small, semi-permanent, commercial coastal settlements were also founded in the Algarve region by Phoenicians-Carthaginians.

Although the copy has been lost, the Andrea Bianco original is preserved at the Biblioteca Marciana Venice. The bull confirmed the earlier bulls Romanus Pontifexissued by Nicholas V in Datum Rome apud Sanctum Petrum, anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quadringentesimo octuagesimo primo, undecimo kalendas Julii, pontificatus nostri anno decimo.

The agreement incorporated terms of a agreement regarding restitution of places, release of prisoners, and demolition of fortresses.

The bull was the exclusive letter format from the Vatican until the fourteenth century, when the papal brief began to appear. Romans first invaded the Iberian Peninsula in BC, during the last days of Julius Caesar, almost the entire peninsula had been annexed to the Roman Republic.

Prince Henry celebrated his marriage to the infanta Blanche inthe cardinal Juan de Cervantes presided over aeterhi official ceremony.

It is the 5th most peaceful country in the world, maintaining a unitary semi-presidential republican form of government and it has the 18th highest Social Progress in the world, putting it ahead of other Western European countries like France, Spain and Italy.


The frontier between Granada and the Castilian lands of Andalusia was in a constant state of flux, neither in peace nor in war, raids across the border were common, as were intermixing alliances between local nobles on both sides of the frontier 8.

The treaty formally ended the Hundred Years War, with the death of Charles the Bold at the Battle of Nancy inthe dynasty of the dukes of Burgundy died out. On the reverse was the name of the issuing Pope in the nominative Latin form, with the letters PP, for Pastor Pastorum 2. Ordered the arrest of the Knights Templar and the confiscation of their possessions.

Since, through the Eternal King’s clemency, wheryby kings reign, we have been placed in the most lofty watchtower of the Apostolic See, we earnestly seek the stability, prosperity, quiet, and tranquility of all Catholic kings, under whose auspicious guidance Christ’s faithful ones are cherished in justice and peace, and we fervently desire that sweet peace may thrive among them.

Set out the procedure to prosecute the Knights Templar.

Papal bull

Declared that there is no salvation outside the Church Extra Ecclesiam nulla salusand that the Church must remain united. Excommunicated all members of the clergy who, without authorization from the Holy See, payed to laymen any part of their income or the revenue of the Church.

Throughout the 15th century, merchants, explorers and fishermen of Portugal, the possession of the Canary Islands was a point of contention between the two Crowns. The Canary Islands is the most southerly region of Spain and the largest and most populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region, the islands have a subtropical climate, with long hot summers and moderately warm winters.

The large amount of gold captured by the Portuguese was enough to finance King Afonso V of Portugal military campaign in Castile, and all the islands already discovered and to be discovered, and any other island which might be found and conquered from the Canary Islands beyond toward Guinea.

Papyrus seems to have used almost uniformly as the material for these documents until the early years of the eleventh century. At the same time, and uniquely in the Reconquista, the Granada War itself is never called the reconquest of Granada, Granada had never been Christian before the reconquista. Each side agreed to relinquish any claims to the other’s kingdom. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.


There has never been an exact distinction of usage between a bull and a brief, but nowadays most letters, including papal encyclicals, are issued as briefs. The name of the issuing pope was usually on the reverse side. He strengthened fortifications, restored aqueducts, and rebuilt many churches, the glories of the Leonine City, the Vatican, and the Basilica of St.

Retrieved from ” https: This rivalry degenerated in civil war and the Portuguese King Afonso V Intervened in the defence qeterni his niece Juanas rights, to whom he married. Ferdinand II of Aragonmarried with Isabella.

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The ten-year war was not an effort, but a series of seasonal campaigns launched in spring. The name Islas Canarias is likely derived from the Latin name Canariae Insulae, meaning Islands of the Dogs, according to the historian Pliny the Elder, the Mauretanian king Juba II named the island Canaria because it contained vast multitudes of dogs of very large size.

Popularly, the name is used for any Papal document that contains a metal seal, today, the bull is the only written communication in which the Pope will refer to himself as Episcopus Servus Servorum Dei.

Some of them survive with his marginal annotations and he attended the Council of Florence and inwhen his patron died, he was appointed Bishop of Bologna in his place. Sanctified the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encouraged the enslavement of natives.

Ferdinand pursued and reached them near Toro, where both decided to engage in battle.