tall tropical American timber tree especially abundant in eastern Brazil; yields hard strong durable zebrawood with straight grain and dark strips on a pinkish to . Gonçalo Alves ou Gonçaleiro (Astronium fraxinifolium) Família Anacardiaceae. Árvore rústica de médio porte, comum em várias regiões, ás vezes chamada de. PDF | Essential oils produced from leaves of Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. harvested at four different stages of maturity have been analyzed by GC/MS.

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Astronium fraxinifolium

The second protocol consisted of 15 daily intralesional injections. The uninfected contralateral footpad was also intralesionally injected with the same solution used for treatment.

As it was shown in Figure 1essential oil of P. The treatment started when the lesions appeared 3 weeks. The animals showed a significant reduction of lesion thickness in the 6th week, but it was not comparable to the animals treated with Glucantime.

The supernatant was discarded, and the cells were resuspended in culture medium. The animals were euthanized after the 8th week of infection. Brazil has reported 23, CLcases in [ 4 ]. Lesion sizes were measured weekly with a dial gauge caliper 0.

Another point to take into account is that the drugs available for CL treatment produce awtronium side effects due to their high toxicity and tissue drug accumulation, which includes myalgias, nausea, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmia, hepatitis, or pancreatitis [ 1213 ]. Nonetheless, in some cases when mucosa, such as nasal or oral mucosa, is injured, treatment is necessary; otherwise, permanent sequelae may occur [ 7 ].

Ethanolic extracts from A. The arrow indicates start of treatment about the 27th day. Publisher Weinheim Year Fraxinifilium – Fraxiniffolium An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses astroniun any details of how to utilize the plants. According to the World of Health Organization [ 2 ], about 0. The in vitro evaluation of the antileishmanial activity of the essential oil from P. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Draxinifolium is not of the best.


The treatment was initiated when the lesions fraxinifoliun about the 27th day. Astronium fraxinifolium Schott Anacardiaceae Some works treat this species as a form or just a synonym of Astronium graveolens.

Alternatively, pentamidine and amphotericin B may be used. Nonetheless, we decided to test the EOPA treatment in animal models based on data from other researchers [ 33 ] who showed a good antileishmanial astroium of essential oil, in the case of Lippia sidoides Cham.

Astronium fraxinifolium Images

This fact could be related to the concentration of the essential oil, to the route of administration, or even to the period of treatment. Looking into the canopy Photograph by: The strain of L. All the extracts contained phenols and tannins.

The animals were injected subcutaneously in right hind footpad with 10 7 stationary phase L.

Astronium fraxinifolium Images – Useful Tropical Plants

In Vitro Studies 2. Publisher Reference Publications; Michigan. Results and Discussion In the present study we decided to evaluate two medicinal plants, Plectranthus amboinicus and Astronium fraxinifolium. Despite the promising in vitro results, in vivo experiments did not reveal a good efficacy of the treatment with EOPA in mouse model.

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Macrophage cell line RAW Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Year ISBN Description An extremely concise book, fraxinifolum approximately 1, species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.

The profiles of lesion thickness were similar to the standard treatment. View at Google Scholar E. Treatment was done by administering OEPA intralesionally i. Additionally, we decided to use the gold hamster model to evaluate the activity of our plant materials in vivo based on the fact that hamsters are known to be highly susceptible to Leishmania subgenus Viannia infection [ 35 ]. Parasite Load The number of parasites in the lesions was quantified by the limiting dilution technique as previously described [ 30 ].


Now containing plants. Viannia braziliensisL. Assays were performed in triplicate. Increased incidence of resistance to the drug has been fraxinifoloum [ 8 ]. One hundred microliters of these dilutions was distributed into well flat bottom plates containing agar-blood in 6 replicates per concentration.

Astronium fraxinifolium – Dictionary Definition :

Statistical Analysis The data relating to the parasite load were analyzed using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test. The animals were also weighed during this period.

The ethanolic extracts of the bark, sapwood, and leaves of A. It is popularly used in the treatment of various diseases including skin, digestive tracts, urogenital, respiratory disorders, infections, and pain [ 22 ].

Plectranthus amboinicuspopularly known as malvarisco, a native aromatic plant of India and cultivated in many parts of the world, including Brazil, belongs to the Lamiaceae family and the genus Plectranthus.

This procedure was done in order to check toxicity of the material used to treat the animals. The parasites were fixed in formaldehyde, stained with Trypan blue and visualized at light microscope at x magnification. HIV-positive individuals are probably at high risk of developing cutaneous leishmaniasis [ 9 ] probably at more severe forms of the disease.