transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.

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Human-mediated introduction is the most common way for C.

Cassytha filiformis – Useful Tropical Plants

On the Chagos islands, damage to the shore-line plant Scaevola taccada may increase coastal erosion Whistler, ; Chagos Conservation Trust, Schmutterer recorded the death of neem trees infested by C.

Heavy infestations of C. Lauraceaea parasitic weed from Lahore, Pakistan.

Pantropic being found on all the major continents and most tropical areas. Indian Journal of Forestry, 33 4: The biology of parasitic flowering plants. Medicinal Herbs and Casdytha online database.

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

University of Texas at Dallas. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Invasive Species Report, 3 7. Host-range studies of Cassytha filiformis L. International Filiforims and Environment Symposium, National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba – Radical anatomy, seedling morphology and host detection of seedlings of Cassytha filiformis. Lauraceae in the Bahamas. It is believed to reduce photosynthesis in its hosts The Czssytha Website,but it is not clear whether this is a physiological effect, or arises from the smothering effect of the dense mass of stems and effective shading cassytah the host.


In vitro antioxidant potentials of some herbal plants from southern Nigeria. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 87 3: Often grows in open forest but also in beach forest, vine thicket, monsoon forest and rain forest.

Cassytha filiformis

Invasive plant species in Chagos. Datasheet Cassytha filiformis love-vine. Allen Cassytha brasiliensis Mart. Seedlings can then survive for up to 8 weeks without a host, growing to a length of 30 cm or more, presumably relying mainly on the seed reserves Nelson, Intentional Introduction Human-mediated introduction is the most common way for C.

Water-impermeable fruits of the parasitic angiosperm Cassytha filiformis Lauraceae: It also spreads from tree to tree by vegetative growth. It frequently connects bushes and trees by cords, and becomes a nuisance to the traveller.

India, Illustration Rheede, Hort. The plumule is filiform, cord-like, light green and with minute alternate leaves Augustine, Close-up of the flowers and fruit Photograph by: It has been known by a large number of synonyms but none of these are in current use.

Description Top of page Adapted from Flora Zambesiaca Retrieved caszytha ” https: Filiformix Africa it is used to treat cancer, African trypanosomiasis and other diseases Hoet et al. Last update on Other tree crops reported to be damaged include mango, citrus, nutmeg, avocado, sandalwood, camphor trees Cinnamomum camphora and coconut.


An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Risk of Introduction Top of casystha The risk of further spread is relatively low, but could occur as a result of interest in the therapeutic uses of the plant see Usesor accidentally with the importation of infected ornamental host plants, as has been occuring in the USA on protea plants USDA, Missouri Botanical Garden, Fi,iformis contains small quantities of a poisonous alkaloid, large doses of which are fatal.

It does not occur in deep shade. No comparable information has been seen for C. Not for the casual reader. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Ovary green, about 1.

Factsheet – Cassytha filiformis

One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. First true leaves filifornis small, scale-like, about 1 mm long, lacking definite venation.

Additions to the host-range of Cassytha filiformis L. Seedling morphology of Cassytha filiformis L. Kokubugata G, Yokota M,