The book by “Christoph Luxenberg” came out in in Germany with the title ” Die Syro-Aramäische Lesart des Koran” (“A Syro-Aramaic Reading of the. Understandably the author’s name ‘Christoph Luxenberg’ is a nom de plume of a professor in Semitic languages at a German university, according to articles in. Christoph Luxenberg: “Die syro-aramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache” [“The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: a .

Author: Mazuzuru Kagrel
Country: Mongolia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 15 March 2010
Pages: 175
PDF File Size: 6.57 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.70 Mb
ISBN: 666-3-34817-263-3
Downloads: 8398
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kishura

In the library of Tashkent in Uzbekistan there is a very old Qur’an codex which is supposedly one of Uthman’s.

On the Day He asks them: But the reinterpretation isn’t done yet, because li-l-jabini ‘on the forehead’ also has its difficulties. Also, Jesus puts on an apron before he washes the disciples’ feet at the last supper. Luxenberg ‘s new analysis, leaning on the Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian, yields “white raisins” of “crystal clarity” rather than doe-eyed, and ever willing virgins—the houris. For purposes of clarification and teaching, these were often expanded with non-biblical material.

They are translated as ‘domineering’, ‘arrogance’, ‘high and mighty’ and ‘tyrant’. Sometimes he rereads entire phrases and comes up with a reading that is more closely related to what non-Muslims often consider ‘the sources of the Qur’an’. Luxenberg accuses Western academic scholars of the Qur’an of taking a timid and imitative approach, relying too heavily on the work of Muslim scholars. Angelika Christopj, Brill To complete the problem other, non-canonical, variants have been recorded in early Islamic literature: No one can put it to Luxenberg that he doesn’t document his claims.

At first some of them gravely protested against Uthman’s standardisation, but eventually chrisgoph won the day. Reactions Those who are familiar with western Biblical criticism, won’t raise more than an eyebrow at Luxenberg’s reinterpretations: But even he, as we saw above, regularly argues that the ‘hook’ in early Qur’anic manuscripts must have been used for a long ‘a’. It’s a difference of only two diacritical dots and in rasm it’s identical.

The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: This way the reader is also acquainted with alternatives that didn’t make it and the reasons why.


Through inheritance this text ended up with Hafsa, the daughter of Abu Bakr’s successor Umar and one of Muhammad’s widows. The translation of Q cjristoph The most detailed scholarly review is by Daniel King, a Syriacist at the University of Cardiff, who endorses some of Luxenberg’s emendations and readings and cites other scholars who have done the same, but concludes:.

And those positive results are ordered in a discourse that has its own structure and goal. And this was the vehicle of their culture, and more generally the language of written communication. Furthermore, when the Qur’an was codified a script was used in which several consonants shared the same signs.

Christoph Luxenberg

The language of the Qur’an is poetic, terse and sometimes extremely difficult to interpret. Richard Kroes in a review on Livius.

This doesn’t seem very likely. Option 3 simply rephrases the presence of Syriac loanwords. Views Read Edit View history. We know very well that they say, ‘It luxxenberg a man who teaches him,’ but the language of the person they allude to is foreign, while this revelation is in clear Arabic Q It only featured the ‘virgins or grapes’ question.

What other readings were possible with a different vowelisation? It is written, rather, in the dialect of the Prophet’s tribe, the Meccan Quraysh, and heavily influenced by Aramaic. In fact, his investigations should be done again, taking into account all the scholarly work that Luxenberg doesn’t seem to know.

It is to be hoped that such research will be done without any apologetic agenda or anti-Islamic sentiments in the background; and wouldn’t it be nice if the results would keep people from hijacking a plane and in good spirits throw themselves into an inferno. Retrieved from ” https: The famous passage about the virgins is based on the word hur, which is an adjective in the feminine plural meaning simply “white.

The Virgins and the Grapes: the Christian Origins of the Koran

The word ‘in is traditionally seen as the plural of the word for ‘eye’ and is translated by ‘wide-eyed’. The most widely circulated version [4] [6] [7] claims that he is a German scholar of Semitic languages. The application of his method delivers a more fitting interpretation for difficult passages than the traditional way of reading the Qur’an; This proves that the Qur’an was written in a mixed Arabic-Syriac language, probably the traders’ language of Mecca; In view of the type of mistakes that were made, there must have been a hiatus in the oral transmission of the Qur’an; Given the content of the ‘improved readings’ the conclusion that the Qur’an was based on Christian liturgical texts is justified, if it wasn’t a Christian text to begin with.


About 12, fragments belonged to copies of the Qur’an, the other 2, were loose fragments. At times these interpretations seem more logical, but some others seem to make very little difference.

Christoph Luxenberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The source of this surprising statement is the book under review. The whole problem with ‘Bakka’ has evaporated, and the translation of the passage remains unchanged. Hence, if a particular Quranic word or phrase seems “meaningless” in Arabic, or can be given meaning only by tortuous conjectures, it makes sense — he argues — to look to Syriac as well as Arabic.

In one passage the translator encounters a few stumbling blocks. A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Qur’an German editionEnglish translation [1] and several articles in anthologies about early Islam. The use of loanwords also doesn’t automatically mean that the unchanged and full meaning is borrowed as well.

In other words, I kept in mind both Arabic and Aramaic.

Christoph Luxenberg – Wikipedia

At that time, there were no Arab schools—except, perhaps, for the Christian centers of al-Anbar and al-Hirain southern Mesopotamiaor what is now Iraq. Then follow examples of Syriac loanwords in the Qur’an. The Topkapi museum in Istanbul also possesses an old, supposedly Uthmanic codex. It is understandable that not just traditional, but also more liberal Muslims and western scholars of Islam have given Luxenberg’s book some critical attention, to say the least.

In order to spread the Gospelthey necessarily made use of a mishmash of languages. The oldest known copy of the Qur’an so far belongs to this collection: