Discusses Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan as a philosophical story of solitude, mysticism, and understanding. Isolated from human civilization, the infant Hayy ibn Yaqzan is raised by a gazelle on a deserted island Through observation, experimentation, and speculation. Ibn-Tufayl. It was during this time, working for the Almohads that Ibn-Tufayl wrote the first ever philosophical novel, “Hayy Ibn Yaqzan“ or “Living.

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It was inthe year of the Almohad conquest of al-Andalus, that Ibn Tufayl journeyed to Marrakesh to seek a career at the nascent Almohad court, becoming a secretary inthen court physician a decade later.

The cave in our [Western] tradition, which owes more to Athens on this point than to the East, is a symbol of darkness and dogmatic slumber, not of personal enlightenment gaqzan of ignorance and unconcern. In effect, Hayy had reached the consideration of Aristotelian prime mover or non-corporeal cause, which he calls the Necessarily Existent.

Nothing New Under the Sun

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Symbolic religion is required to keep order, but only because men are stupid. The culmination of his efforts is not to independently verify the Islamic faith, as his final product differs dramatically from their dogma. The infant Hayy is discovered and nurtured by a doe, fed on doe’s yaqazn.

Hayy then sought to cut off sensory experience in order to pursue mystic ecstasy.

In the second version, the sister of a tyrant king married a kinsman hayyy secret, far from the eyes of her brother, who insisted on choosing her spouse himself.

None of this could be different. But Ibn Tufayl shows the second most important factor in the successful quest for understanding: URL of this page: The necessity of sheer survival easily overwhelms the group. To concur with the later third century c.


Hayy ibn Yaqzan |

Ghazali himself had spent the last sixteen years of his life reclused from society and its activities in order to follow the path of mystical experience. He aids all plant and animal life, thereby imitating heavenly beings because they offer nourishment and protection. But he does not fulfill himself beyond the minimum he needs to.

Essentially he is a feral or wild bayy. The third type of likeness contrasts to the two other types, to the inanimate and animate beings on earth. Selkirk himself related that, as Richetti notes, he “frequently bewailed his return to yqzan world” which could not “with all its enjoyments, restore him to the tranquility of his solitude. But Ibn Tufayl offered a novel presentation for his recapitulation of philosophical ideas.

There is no evidence that Ibn Tufayl saw this relativist suggestion as a logical yaqzxn of his theory of the symbolic nature of revealed religion.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Tale, Tufayl, Goodman

What made him [Hayy] think so was his naive belief that all men had outstanding character, brilliant minds uayy resolute spirits. Hayy makes a sincere effort but is rejected by Absal’s friends. The author alerts the reader to the fictional nature of the narrative by presenting two alternate versions of how Hayy arrived on the island.

He hsyy concluded the same thing about plants, and then that plants and animals are one. This, of course, is the same as the God of religion.

Everything must have a cause and so he got the idea that there had to be a maker of some kind. God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil.


And then he compared plants and animals, finding them to be alike in nutrition and growth but different in sense perception, locomotion, and sensation.

The people were too stupid and stubborn to change their ways.

He grew up among other gazelles, eating and sleeping with them and mimicking their various sounds. In general the anti-philosophical thought of al-Ghazzali — dominated Almohad ideology.

In Plato’s Republic, the cave is darkness and ignorance contrasts with coming out of the cave into sunlight and enlightenment. We then get the second account, that of the spontaneous generation. Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from March He mentions three distinct men: But mingling with society in a tactful fideism was not Hayy’s preference hhayy, as already suggested.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

That in order for a city to be ideal, it had to help the most of its citizens achieve happiness, and their own perfection. To cultivate and maintain self-discipline, the naturalness of the state of solitude is requisite. He further taught himself to hunt and ride horses and to overcome greater problems and challenges bin beasts that were faster than him or stronger than him. In staying with the group he saw some means of fending off demonic promptings, dispelling distracting thoughts, and in general guarding against the goadings of the yaqqzan.