In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Being a Translation of the Chapters Chalcolithic — BC Anarta tradition. Udayana’s mother, Queen Mrigavatiis notable for being one of the earliest known female rulers mahauanapadas Indian history.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

The wool of the Gandharis is referred to in the Rigveda. Various kula s clans developed within the jana, each with its own chief. This page was last edited on 27 Septemberat Its kings allied with the Devatas in various wars against the Daityas, Rakshas, and Asuras. The samiti was a common assembly of the jana members, and had the power to elect or dethrone the king.

The Magadha mahajanzpadas one of the most prominent and prosperous of mahajanapadas. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. Hittite pedan”place”. The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. Latin cognate pedis ; [1] [2] from its earliest attestation, the word has had a double meaning of “realm, territory” and “subject population” cf. The commentator of Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra.


Several jataka tales bear witness to the superiority of its janapadzs over other cities in India and speak highly of its prosperity and opulence.

The 6th—5th century BCE is often regarded as a major turning point in early Indian history; it saw the emergence of India’s first large cities after the demise of the Indus Valley Jqnapadasas well as the rise of sramana movements including Buddhism and Jainism which challenged the religious orthodoxy of the Vedic Period. For the sense of “population of the land”, padasya janasthe inverted padajana would be expected. Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate.

Conjectural reconstruction of the main gate of Kusinagara, city of the Mallas, circa BCE adapted from a relief at Sanchi.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

Shah, the Gandhara and Kamboja were nothing but two provinces of one empire and were located coterminously, hence influencing each other’s language. Jayaswal have argued that the existence of such assemblies is evidence of prevalence of democracy in ancient India.

Each adn these Janapadas was named after the Kshatriya tribe or the Kshatriya Jana who had settled therein. The Vatsas or Vamsas are called to be a branch of the Kurus. According to old authorities, Chedis lay near Yamuna midway between the kingdom of Kurus and Vatsas.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Retrieved 29 October According to the political scientist Sudama Misra, the name of the Panchala janapada suggests that it was a fusion of five pancha janas. The Puranas mention seven sub-divisions of ancient India: Later, the janapwdas was ruled by the famous king Prasenajit during the era of Mahavira and Buddha, followed by his son Vidudabha Virudhaka.


Brahmarshi-desha’the county of the holy sages,’ includes the territories of the KurusMatsyasPanchalas and Shurasenas i.

The northern Panchala had its capital at Adhichhatra or Chhatravati modern Ramnagar in the Bareilly Districtwhile southern Panchala had its capital at Kampilya or Kampil in the Farrukhabad District. According to the Jatakasthe capital of the Kurus was Indraprastha Indapatta near modern Delhi which extended seven leagues.

Janapada – Wikipedia

Late medieval period — King Nandivardhana of Mahauanapadas was defeated by king Shishunaga of Magadha. Pargiter believed that it was in the vicinity of Banda, Uttar Pradesh. Maurya Dynastyc. Kalika at the end of Kaliyuga. The country of the Surasenas lay to the east of Matsya and west of Yamuna. The king also enforced law and order in his kingdom by punishing the guilty. Late medieval Delhi Sultanatec.

Kingdoms in the Mahabharata. The Coinage of Ancient India. Retrieved 28 June The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas.

There was, however, a struggle for supremacy between king Pasenadi Prasenajit and king Ajatashatru of Magadha which was finally settled once the confederation of Lichchavis became aligned with Magadha.

Kenoyer”Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition. The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions jznapadas annexed to the Magadhan empire.